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TOPMODEL在流域径流模拟中的应用研究
引用本文:熊立华,郭生练,胡彩虹.TOPMODEL在流域径流模拟中的应用研究[J].水文,2002,22(5):5-8.
作者姓名:熊立华  郭生练  胡彩虹
作者单位:武汉大学水利水电学院,湖北,武汉,430072
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展规划“973”项目(G1990436),国家自然科学基金资助项目(50179026)
摘    要:介绍了TOPMODEL的基本结构与理论。该模型结构简单、物理概念明确、优选参数少,在集总式和分布式流域水文模型之间起到了一个承上启下的作用。TOPMODEL在国外已被广泛研究,并认为是一个相当成功的流域水文模型。为了进一步拓宽该模型的应用,选择6个不同尺度、分布于不同区域和不同气候条件下的流域来应用研究该模型的径流模拟效果。结果表明,该模型在率定和校核两个阶段的模拟精度都比较高,基本上能达到新安江三水源模型的水平。

关 键 词:地貌模型  径流模拟  数字高程模型
文章编号:1000-0852(2002)05-0005-04
修稿时间:2001年10月25

Application and Studies of TOPMODEL in Runoff Simulation on Different Watersheds
XIONG Li-hua UO Sheng-lian,HU Cai-hong Wuhan University Wuhan China.Application and Studies of TOPMODEL in Runoff Simulation on Different Watersheds[J].Hydrology,2002,22(5):5-8.
Authors:XIONG Li-hua UO Sheng-lian  HU Cai-hong Wuhan University Wuhan China
Affiliation:XIONG Li-hua UO Sheng-lian,HU Cai-hong Wuhan University Wuhan430072 China
Abstract:The basic concepts and structure of TOPMODEL are introduced in this paper.As a bridge between the conceptual and the distributed models TOPMODEL has a simple structure clear physical explanation of water movement mechanisms in the watershed and a parsimonious number of parameters.In order to broaden the use of TOPMODEL in simulating watershed runoff in practice the hydrological data of six different watersheds are selected to test TOPMODEL.These six watersheds are located in different regions with different areas and of different climate conditions.For the purposes of comparison the Xinanjiang model is also applied on these watersheds in simulating runoff.It was found that TOPMODEL can succeed in simulating the watershed runoff in nearly every watershed and it is also comparable to the Xinanjiang model in terms of the model efficiency.It is strongly suggested that TOPMODEL be studied and appliedmore extensively in China.
Keywords:TOPMODEL runoff simulation Xinanjiang model
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