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现代精准农业及我国精准农业的发展方向
引用本文:刘爱民,封志明,徐丽明.现代精准农业及我国精准农业的发展方向[J].中国农业大学学报,2000,5(2):20-25.
作者姓名:刘爱民  封志明  徐丽明
作者单位:1. 中国科学院自然资源综合考察委员会
2. 中国农业大学机械工程学院
基金项目:国家“九五”科技攻关项目
摘    要:农业正进入以知识密集为主要特点的知识农业发展阶段,在现代信息技术、生物技术、工程技术等一系列高新技术最新成就基础上发展起来的现代精准农业已成为现代知识农业的重要生产形式。根据我国农业发展的特点,近期可重点发展节水、节肥精准农业技术体系,在设施农业发展较快的地区可发展精准设施农业,在生产规模大、机械化程度高的大农场开展精准农业生产实践。

关 键 词:农业现代化  精准农业  技术体系  知识农业  中国
修稿时间:1999-09-22

The Modern Precision Agriculture and Technological System
Liu Aimin,Feng Zhiming,Xu Liming.The Modern Precision Agriculture and Technological System[J].Journal of China Agricultural University,2000,5(2):20-25.
Authors:Liu Aimin  Feng Zhiming  Xu Liming
Abstract:Agricultural mechanization is a historical and dynamic concept. After having gone through the original agriculture, the traditional agriculture and the mechanized agriculture, agriculture is entering the modern precision agricultre. Based on a set of high new technologies, such as the modern information technology, the organisms technology and the engineering technology, and so on, the precision agriculture has been become the important way of modern agricultural production. Compared with foreign developed countries, China has low intensive level. However, according to the characteristics of the agricultural development in China, the technological system of water saving and fertilizer saving precision agriculture should be developed in the near future. The precision equipped agriculture can be implemented firstly in the region at where the equipped agriculture has been developed fast. The big farms, which have large scales and high mechanization level, may carry on the practice of the precision agriculture.
Keywords:agricultural modernization  precision agriculture  technological system
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