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“工欲善其事,必先利其器”——哈佛大学社会科学研究方法课程分析与启示
引用本文:吴建南,郑烨,顾华伟.“工欲善其事,必先利其器”——哈佛大学社会科学研究方法课程分析与启示[J].研究生教育研究,2014(5):83-89.
作者姓名:吴建南  郑烨  顾华伟
作者单位:西安交通大学公共政策与管理学院,西安710049
摘    要:研究方法课程的改革对于提高研究生教育质量具有重要意义。文章通过对哈佛大学7个社会科学院系的27门研究方法课程进行文本分析和个案研究,结果发现:哈佛大学长久以来形成了一套目标鲜明、独具特色的个性化研究方法课程体系,课程内容丰富,课程目标设置明确,修课要求独具特色,选课方式开放自由,与此同时,研究方法课程的设置还充分体现出多样性与灵活性并重、学科辐射性与交叉性并存、注重研究方法应用能力的开发与培养,以及将研究方法融入到教学与科研训练之中等特点。借鉴哈佛经验,对我国社科类研究生研究方法课程改革提出了若干建议。

关 键 词:研究生  研究方法  课程设置  哈佛大学

Sharp Tools Make Good Work: Inspiration from the Courses of Research Methods for Social Sciences at Harvard University
WU Jian-nan,ZHENG Ye,GU Hua-wei.Sharp Tools Make Good Work: Inspiration from the Courses of Research Methods for Social Sciences at Harvard University[J].JOURNAL OF GRADUATE EDUCATION,2014(5):83-89.
Authors:WU Jian-nan  ZHENG Ye  GU Hua-wei
Affiliation:(School of Public Policy and Administration, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710049)
Abstract:A reform in research method courses is important for improving the quality of postgraduate education. A case study wgs conducted on 27 research method courses in seven departments/faculties of social sciences at Harvard University with text analysis and detail examination. Results show that Harvard has had a long tradition of clearly-targeted, uniquely designed research method courses with rich content, well-defined requirements and open forms of study. Those courses are noted for their diversification and flexibility, interdisciplinary relevance, practical skill training and integration of teaching and research. Based on Harvard's experience, the authors offer a number of suggestions for China's reform in postgraduate courses in research methods for social sciences.
Keywords:postgraduate  research method  course design  Harvard University
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