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1.
导热型地温梯度场内的U型管式井下换热器   总被引:3,自引:3,他引:1  
戴传山  张启 《太阳能学报》1995,16(3):247-252
建立了一个描述“U”型管式地热井下换热器在导热型地温梯度内热性能的数学模型。该模型考虑了地下岩层的温度分布及岩层与其下面对流层的对流换热对“U”型管式地热井下换热器热性能的影响,并对井下换热器流体进口参数的变化,岩层热物性及温度剖面变化对热输出的影响进行了计算。  相似文献
2.
In this article a variable-domain variational approach to the entitled problem is presented.A pair of comple-mentary variational principles with a variable domain in terms of temperature and heat-streamfunction are firstestablished.Based on them,two methods of solution—generalized Ritz method and variable-domain FEM—both capable of handling problems with unknown boundaries,are suggested.Then,three sample numericalexamples have been tested.The computational process is quite stable,and the results are encouraging.Thisvariational approach can be extended straightforwardly to 3-D inverse problems as well as to other problems inmathematical physics.  相似文献
3.
ANovelVariationalFormulationofInverseProblemofHeatConductionwithFreeBoundaryonanImagePlaneGao-LianLiu(ShanghaiInstituteofMech...  相似文献
4.
显热储热材料的制备及性能研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
朱教群  张炳  周卫兵 《节能》2007,26(4):32-34
采用水泥作为材料的胶凝剂,添加热容、热导率大的物质作为骨料来制备混凝土储热材料。研究表明:当铝酸盐水泥含量为10%时,材料的抗压、抗折强度能满足工业需求;材料的比热容随温度的升高先增大,在500℃时达到最大,后随着温度的升高反而降低;材料的热导率随着石墨粉含量的增加几乎成直线上升,当石墨含量为5%时材料的热导率大于1.7W/(m·K)。  相似文献
5.
In this article, the meshless local Petrov–Galerkin (MLPG) method is applied to compute two steady-state heat conduction problems of irregular complex domain in 2D space. The essential boundary condition is enforced by the transformation method, and the MLS method is used for interpolation schemes. A numerical example that has analytical solution shows the present method can obtain desired accuracy and efficiency. Two cases in engineering with irregular boundary are computed to validate the approach by comparing the present method with the finite volume method (FVM) solutions obtained from a commercial CFD package FLUENT 6.3. The results show that the present method is in good agreement with FVM. It is expected that MLPG method (which is a truly meshless) is very promising in solving engineering heat conduction problems within irregular domains.  相似文献
6.
The Generalized Integral Transform Technique (GITT) is employed in the analytical solution of transient linear heat or mass diffusion problems in heterogeneous media. The GITT is utilized to handle the associated eigenvalue problem with arbitrarily space variable coefficients, defining an eigenfunction expansion in terms of a simpler Sturm-Liouville problem of known solution. In addition, the representation of the variable coefficients as eigenfunction expansions themselves has been proposed, considerably simplifying and accelerating the integral transformation process, while permitting the analytical evaluation of the coefficients matrices that form the transformed algebraic system. The proposed methodology is challenged in solving three different classes of diffusion problems in heterogeneous media, as illustrated for the cases of thermophysical properties with large scale variations found in heat transfer analysis of functionally graded materials (FGM), of abrupt variations in multiple layer transitions and of randomly variable physical properties in dispersed systems. The convergence behavior of the proposed expansions is then critically inspected and numerical results are presented to demonstrate the applicability of the general approach and to offer a set of reference results for potentials, eigenvalues, and related quantities.  相似文献
7.
Due to their interesting thermal, mechanical and exchange properties, solid metal or ceramic foams have shown a strong development in numerous technological fields for which the knowledge of their thermal properties is of primary importance. In order to investigate the coupled conductive/radiative heat transfer in this kind of materials, we propose an identification method using thermograms obtained from laser-FLASH measurements. This permits us to evaluate, at ambient and high temperatures, the effective thermal conductivity and two global radiative properties of various metal or ceramic foams, describing the thermal behavior of their equivalent homogeneous semi-transparent materials. This new method of characterization of solid foams is promising since conduction and radiation contributions to heat transfer can be evaluated from a unique experiment.  相似文献
8.
A technique is presented for the uncertainty analysis of the linear Inverse Heat Conduction Problem (IHCP) of estimating heat flux from interior temperature measurements. The selected IHCP algorithm is described. The uncertainty in thermal properties and temperature measurements is considered. A propagation of variance equation is used for the uncertainty analysis. An example calculation is presented. Parameter importance factors are defined and computed for the example problem; the volumetric heat capacity is the dominant parameter and an explanation is offered. Thoughts are presented on extending the analysis to include the non-linear problem of temperature dependent properties.  相似文献
9.
This paper addresses the question to what extent parallel-plate heat exchangers can be downsized without loss of thermal-hydraulic performance. It is shown that when the characteristic length scales of the channels are reduced at a constant pressure drop, the effectiveness exhibits a maximum due to axial heat conduction. The point of maximal effectiveness is found to correspond to a maximal thermal power density and thus to the minimal volume required for obtaining that effectiveness. Based on asymptotic relations for the effectiveness in the small and large channel limit, closed-form expressions are derived for the optimum geometric parameters that maximize power density in the limit of design effectiveness approaching unity. These relations are extended to a broader effectiveness range by means of dimensionless correction functions that are calculated numerically. The resulting expressions define optimal elemental units that can be used to construct parallel-plate counter-flow heat exchangers with the lowest possible core volume for effectiveness values between 0.53 and 1.  相似文献
10.
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