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1.
A rapid alkaline extraction procedure for screening recombinant plasmid DNA.   总被引:408,自引:408,他引:2792       下载免费PDF全文
A procedure for extracting plasmid DNA from bacterial cells is described. The method is simple enough to permit the analysis by gel electrophoresis of 100 or more clones per day yet yields plasmid DNA which is pure enough to be digestible by restriction enzymes. The principle of the method is selective alkaline denaturation of high molecular weight chromosomal DNA while covalently closed circular DNA remains double-stranded. Adequate pH control is accomplished without using a pH meter. Upon neutralization, chromosomal DNA renatures to form an insoluble clot, leaving plasmid DNA in the supernatant. Large and small plasmid DNAs have been extracted by this method.  相似文献
2.
The primary structure of bovine satellite 1.715.   总被引:5,自引:5,他引:7       下载免费PDF全文
The primary structure of the 1402 bp repeat unit of bovine satellite 1.715 has been determined using a dimer inserted at the SalI site of plasmid pBR322 and cloned in E. coli. In contrast with bovine satellites 1.706, 1.720b and 1.711a, the 1.715 satellite has a complex sequence with no obvious internal short prototype repeat. The sequence consists however of repeats ranging in length from 6 to 13 nucleotides. In addition, the hexanucleotide, AGATGA, present in the prototype sequences of satellites 1.706, 1.720b and 1.711a, is found in satellite 1.715 in repeats as long as, or longer than, 8 nucleotides, establishing a homology link among those satellites on one hand and satellite 1.715 (and the related satellite 1.711b) on the other. In turn, this suggests a common evolutionary origin. A comparison of the maps for 15 restriction enzymes of cloned and uncloned satellite indicates very little sequence divergence among the repeat units of the latter, most of the differences being due to methylation.  相似文献
3.
A Civas  M Dion  G Vodjdani    J Doly 《Nucleic acids research》1991,19(16):4497-4502
The uninducible murine interferon alpha 11 gene (Mu IFN-alpha 11) shows strong homology with the highly inducible Mu IFN-alpha 4 gene in the promoter region. Negative regulatory sequences located between positions -470 and -145 were characterized in the Mu IFN-alpha 11 promoter. The removal of these sequences leads to virus-inducibility of Mu IFN-alpha 11 while their insertion in Mu IFN-alpha 4 corresponding region significantly reduced the inducibility of Mu IFN-alpha 4 promoter. On the other hand, the virus-responsive element (VRE) of the Mu IFN-alpha 11 differs by a single nucleotide substitution at position -78 from the VRE alpha 4. Constructions carrying either VRE alpha 11 or VRE alpha 4 upstream a heterologous promoter displayed different virus inducibilities. The -78 A/G substitution affects the inducibility by decreasing the affinity of VRE-binding trans-regulators. Our results suggest that the combined effect of the negative regulatory sequences and of the mutation in the VRE alpha 11, completely silences the Mu IFN-alpha 11 gene.  相似文献
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