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1.
肖夏  陶冶  孙远 《中国物理 B》2014,(10):428-432
The surface acoustic wave (SAW) technique is a precise and nondestructive method to detect the mechanical charac- teristics of the thin low dielectric constant (low-k) film by matching the theoretical dispersion curve with the experimental dispersion curve. In this paper, the influence of sample roughness on the precision of SAW mechanical detection is inves- tigated in detail. Random roughness values at the surface of low-k film and at the interface between this low-k film and the substrate are obtained by the Monte Carlo method. The dispersive characteristic of SAW on the layered structure with rough surface and rough interface is modeled by numerical simulation of finite element method. The Young's moduli of the Black DiamondTM samples with different roughness values are determined by SAWs in the experiment. The results show that the influence of sample roughness is very small when the root-mean-square (RMS) of roughness is smaller than 50 nm and correlation length is smaller than 20 μm. This study indicates that the SAW technique is reliable and precise in the nondestructive mechanical detection for low-k films.  相似文献   
2.
The factors influencing the state and wetting transition of droplets on a rough surface are both complex and obscure. The change in wetting is directly reflected by changes under the contact condition of the droplets with the surface. The recent study about the wettability of the superhydrophobic surface under the condensing condition arouses the new understanding about the apparent state of droplets on a rough surface. In this work, to validate the existence of droplets in an intermediate state, a microscale pillar topological polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) surface was manufactured and its wettability under various conditions was studied. According to the experimental data, it is proposed that the wetting state of a rough surface may be embodied using the contact area ratio of a solid/liquid/gas droplet with the projective plane. A general calculation model for the apparent contact angle of droplets is given and expressed diagrammatically. It is found that the measured apparent contact angles of droplets at different states on the surface falls within the range predicted by our proposed equation. Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 50606025)  相似文献   
3.
太赫兹频段下导体表面的细微结构、粗糙度等细节将对目标电磁散射行为产生影响。为衡量这一影响程度,以圆柱导体为例研究了太赫兹频段下目标表面不同结构特征的电磁散射现象及其在图像域的表现规律。利用高频电磁计算方法获得了表面分别为理想光滑、带刻痕和周期粗糙的三种圆柱多姿态角、多频点单站散射场;基于转台成像算法重建了小转角下目标的二维图像。从仿真结果可以看出:m量级的细节特征在太赫兹雷达图像上有着显著的表现,表明太赫兹雷达能够获取更加丰富和精细的目标信息,从而为目标探测识别提供新的特征和技术手段。  相似文献   
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本文建立了粗糙表面部分流体挤压膜的物理力学模型,分析了当粗糙表面间存在流体膜时的挤压特性.对于一维挤压膜问题,当表面粗糙度纹向参数γ≤1时,粗糙度使流体阻尼增大,使平均流体膜的保持性提高;当γ>1时,粗糙度使流体阻尼减小,使平均流体膜的保持性下降.当γ保持不变时,粗糙度增大加快了固体接触的发生,并使固体接触刚度增大.  相似文献   
6.
使用Monte Carlo模拟的方法得出了随机粗糙表面,在Kirchhoff近似的基础上,利用数值分析的方法分析了一维随机粗糙表面的散射特征,得出了一维随机粗糙表面散射分布曲线,我们还考虑了遮蔽效应的影响,并且讨论了Kirchhoff近似的有效性。  相似文献   
7.
By a new method of modeling, the DLVO energy interaction between rough nanoparticles and rough surfaces is investigated at various conditions. Rippled sphere model and surface element integration method are used. For calculation of energy interaction, the spherical coordinates are used and by increasing the radius ratio of two particles, the pseudo flat surfaces are generated. With increasing the radius ratio of two particles to 50, the large particle behaves as flat surface in front of small particle. Roughness, size of particles, temperature, zeta potential, capacity, and concentration of ions, which influence the stability of nanocolloidal solutions, are considered by the new method. Spherical coordinates enable to model the rough nanoparticles and rough surfaces so that no simplifying assumptions are needed, which was very difficult and time-consuming in Cartesian coordinate system. New method could predict the effect of different parameters on the stability of nanocolloidal systems precisely, easily, and at short times in comparison to Cartesian coordinate.  相似文献   
8.
粗糙表面分维计算的立方体覆盖法   总被引:16,自引:0,他引:16  
针对三角形棱柱表面积法和投影覆盖法在计算粗糙表面分形维数中存在的问题,提出了计算粗糙表面分维的立方体覆盖法,对计算结果进行了对比分析,并进一步对表面分维计算中的有关理论问题进行了分析,发现立方体覆盖法作为一种几何意义上的覆盖法,并计算结果比三角形棱柱表面积法和投影覆盖法更接近实际。  相似文献   
9.
This review article summarizes the advances in the surface stress effect in mechanics of nanostructured elements,including nanoparticles,nanowires,nanobeams,and nanofilms,and heterogeneous materials containing nanoscale inhomogeneities.It begins with the fundamental formulations of surface mechanics of solids,including the definition of surface stress as a surface excess quantity,the surface constitutive relations,and the surface equilibrium equations.Then,it depicts some theoretical and experimental studies of the mechanical properties of nanostructured elements,as well as the static and dynamic behaviour of cantilever sensors caused by the surface stress which is influenced by adsorption.Afterwards,the article gives a summary of the analytical elasto-static and dynamic solutions of a single as well as multiple inhomogeneities embedded in a matrix with the interface stress prevailing.The effect of surface elasticity on the diffraction of elastic waves is elucidated.Due to the difficulties in the analytical solution of inhomogeneities of complex shapes and configurations,finite element approaches have been developed for heterogeneous materials with the surface stress.Surface stress and surface energy are inherently related to crack propagation and the stress field in the vicinity of crack tips.The solutions of crack problems taking into account surface stress effects are also included.Predicting the effective elastic and plastic responses of heterogeneous materials while taking into account surface and interface stresses has received much attention.The advances in this topic are inevitably delineated.Mechanics of rough surfaces appears to deserve special attention due to its theoretical and practical implications.Some most recent work is reviewed.Finally,some challenges are pointed out.They include the characterization of surfaces and interfaces of real nanomaterials,experimental measurements and verification of mechanical parameters of complex surfaces,and the effects of the physical and chemical processes on the surface properties,etc.  相似文献   
10.
张宇  张晓娟  方广有 《物理学报》2012,61(18):184203-184203
首先建立大尺度分层介质粗糙面散射的物理模型, 基于Stratton-Chu积分方程和Kirchhoff近似导出了粗糙面散射场的计算公式. 采用高斯随机粗糙面来模拟实际的分层介质粗糙面, 通过数值计算得到了正下视单站雷达接收到的后向散射回波. 理论推导了散射场强度与表面粗糙度之间的定量关系, 并从数值仿真的角度分析了表面和次表面的粗糙度对散射回波的影响, 给出了散射场随粗糙度变化的曲线. 最后考察了分层介质的电特性参数(介电常数和电导率)对分层粗糙面散射场的影响, 并对计算结果做出了分析.  相似文献   
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