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1.
Balanced fairness is a new resource sharing concept recently introduced by Bonald and Proutière. We extend the use of this notion to wireless multi-hop networks, e.g. ad hoc networks, where the link capacities at the flow level are not fixed but depend on lower layer issues such as scheduling and interference. Utilizing this extension we present the theoretical framework for flow level performance analysis of elastic traffic in the setting, assuming that the wireless bandwidth resources are subject to linear constraints. We discuss how different physical and access layer configurations can be described by the linear constraint model and devise an efficient computational scheme for solving the system. The concepts and the computational scheme are illustrated by a number of examples.  相似文献   
2.
一种无线网络路径容量分析模型   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3       下载免费PDF全文
刘永强  严伟  代亚非 《软件学报》2006,17(4):854-859
旨在为移动计算中多跳网络链路的研究建立一个计算复杂度较低的通用分析模型,奠定一定的数学研究基础.在已有成果的基础上,将研究的粒度从节点扩展到由若干节点组成的路径,并提出了基于流水排队策略的无线多跳路径容量分析模型.这个模型可以有助于在无线多跳网络中规整地探索网络传输的吞吐能力的状况,可以为研究MANET和Sensor network的传输链路的通信能力的工作提供一种比较高效的计算和分析模式.所得到的多跳环境下的网络容量表达式,计算比较简单,可以用于动态调整系统参数的设计中,在设计QoS路由算法时也是很有裨益的.  相似文献   
3.
孙杰  郭伟 《通信学报》2013,(4):10-18
针对认知无线多跳网中频谱资源具有较大时变性及差异性的问题,设计了一种结合QoS查找的跨层多信道MAC协议。该协议将按需QoS查找与动态频谱分配跨层相结合,仅让参与传输的节点执行频谱分配并按QoS要求获取频谱资源。此外,协议使用频分双工收发机实现了对公共控制信道的不间断监听,并设计了一套支持不同数量收发机节点间混合通信的接入算法。大量仿真结果表明,该协议能有效保证对端到端传输的QoS要求的满足,并显著提高端到端吞吐量及时延。  相似文献   
4.
针对无线多跳网络编码的安全性问题,提出了一种融合时间戳和同态签名的安全网络编码方法。在利用基于RSA的同态签名方案抵御污染攻击的基础上,引入时间戳设计新型同态签名方案来抵御网络中的重放攻击,以时间戳为源生成网络编码的随机系数来保证签名的同态性。重点分析了本方案产生随机系数的方式对网络编码解码概率的影响,并建立了攻击模型证明方案可同时抵御网络中的污染攻击和重放攻击。性能分析表明本方案与基于RSA的同态签名方案开销比值接近于1。  相似文献   
5.
In wireless multimedia communications, it is extremely difficult to derive general end-to-end capacity results because of decentralized packet scheduling and the interference between communi-cating nodes. In this paper, we present a state-based channel capacity perception scheme to provide sta-tistical Quality-of-Service (QoS) guarantees under a medium or high traffic load for IEEE 802.11 wire-less multi-hop networks. The proposed scheme first perceives the state of the wireless link from the MAC retransmission information and extends this information to calculate the wireless channel capaci-ty, particularly under a saturated traffic load, on the basis of the interference among flows and the link state in the wireless multi-hop networks. Finally, the adaptive optimal control algorithm allocates a net-work resource and forwards the data packet by tak-ing into consideration the channel capacity deploy-ments in multi-terminal or multi-hop mesh net-works. Extensive computer simulations demonstrate that the proposed scheme can achieve better per-formance in terms of packet delivery ratio and net-work throughput compared to the existing capacity prediction schemes.  相似文献   
6.
In wireless multi-hop networks, selecting a path that has a high transmission bandwidth or a high delivery rate of packets can reduce power consumption and shorten transmission delay during data transmission. There are two factors that influence the transmission bandwidth: the signal strength of the received packets and contentions in the contention-based MAC layer. These two factors may cause more power to be consumed during data transmission. We analyze these two factors and propose a power-aware routing protocol called MTPCR. MTPCR discovers the desired routing path that has reduced power consumption during data transmission. In addition to finding a desired path to reduce power consumption, MTPCR also takes into account the situations in which the transmission bandwidth of the routing path may decrease, resulting in much power consumption during data transmission because of the mobility of nodes in a network. MTPCR is thus useful in a network: it analyzes power consumption during data transmission with the help of neighboring nodes, and it uses a path maintenance mechanism to maintain good path bandwidth. The density of nodes in a network is used to determine when to activate the path maintenance mechanism in order to reduce the overhead of this mechanism. With the proposed path maintenance mechanism, power consumption during data transmission can be efficiently reduced, as well as the number of path breakages. In our simulation, we compared our proposed routing protocol, MTPCR, with the following protocols: two classical routing protocols, AODV and DSR; two power-aware routing protocols, MMBCR and xMBCR; and one multiple path routing protocol, PAMP. The comparisons are made in terms of throughput of the routing path, power consumption in path discovery, power consumption in data transmission, and network lifetime.  相似文献   
7.
无线多跳网络的分布式工作特点和无线传播介质的特性导致其面临着严峻的性能和安全性挑战,而为弥补以往研究过分依赖仿真分析的不足,基于路由代数与统一路由模型,设计并实现了多种设备的试验测试平台(testbed for high‐level analysis of wireless ad‐hoc routing design ,TH‐award)。该平台采用模块化架构设计了协议库、参数库和测试库,便于用户扩展无线路由协议,有效实现在同一平台上对协议性能与安全性的综合测试,保证了测试平台的可扩展性与兼容性;能以仿真、测试、试验等不同应用模式实现其测试功能,具有良好的适用性与开放性;平台具有分布式管理架构、路由测试引擎等相关设计,能有效实现配置管理、运行分析的自动化,具有很高的可管理性。基于该平台,实现了多种路由协议的快速设置与部署,基于多种场景测试验证了平台的有效性,该平台为研究各种无线路由协议的性能及安全性提供了一种重要手段。  相似文献   
8.
由于网络媒体的共享性和不可靠性,对无线多跳网络中视频流的支持面临更大的技术挑战.研究了视频流优化问题并提出了一种联合源网络编码机制.该机制将视频流的源分段,并分为不同的世代,以达到视频流质量的最大化.算法首先分析世代规模对网络性能如源速率、编码效率和解码延时的影响,然后为了使源速率较大,在源端产生较多数据分组,并设计一种联合网络编码机制确定各个中间节点发送到网络中分组的最佳数量,使视频流的质量达到最高.仿真实验结果表明,在世代规模合适的情况下,使用所提联合源编码机制可以增强无线多跳网络视频流的性能.  相似文献   
9.
无线多跳网络的复杂性、动态性和移动性等特点,使传统网络可靠性评估方法不能直接迁移使用。针对无线多跳网络可靠性分析和量化等问题,对近年有关无线自组织网络、无线传感器网络和无线Mesh网络3种典型无线多跳网络可靠性研究按可靠性评估算法、网络可靠性协议、网络可靠性设计3个递进的层面分别进行了全方位剖析,并结合物联网应用环境,对无线多跳网络可靠性研究的发展趋势进行了展望。研究工作有助于指导网络设计,提升网络的可靠性及部署能力。  相似文献   
10.
无线多跳网络因为内外因素的影响而呈现出不同的服务质量。节点作为网络的参与者,需要在个体利益与群体效用之间做出合理的权衡,以适应无线网络的实时动态性。基于博弈理论的基础,通过耦合机制的应用,节点更为全面地考虑信息共享与个体安全之间的平衡点,使个体节点更为理性的构建自身策略,同时也使整体网络更趋于稳定。  相似文献   
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