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1.
General multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) based on traffic engineering is one of the possible methods to implement all-optical network. This method implements the network with IP technique and guarantees the quality of service with traffic engineering. Based on the establishment of selecting schemes of optical path and methods of traffic calculation, the wavelength routing algorithm of all-optical network based on traffic engineering is presented by combining with prior route of shortest path and traffic engineering, the algorithm procedures are given, and the actual examples are introduced as well as the analysis on simulation calculation. This research results have certain significance for the achievement of optical switching technique of all-optical network.  相似文献   
2.
Virtual private networks (VPNs) provide customers with a secure and manageable communication environment. The allocation of bandwidth for VPNs to meet the requirements specified by customers is now one of the most important research issues in the field of traffic engineering. A VPN resource-provisioning model called hose-model was developed to provide customers with a flexible and convenient way to specify the bandwidth requirements of a VPN. Several hose-model VPN provisioning algorithms have already been proposed. They focus on the bandwidth efficiency issue in the case of establishing a single hose-mode VPN. However, these algorithms cannot achieve a satisfactory rejection ratio when: (1) the residual bandwidths on links of the network backbone are finite and (2) multiple VPN setup requests are handled on-line. In this paper, we propose a new hose-model VPN provisioning algorithm called MTRA to address the issue. MTRA can process multiple VPN setup requests rapidly and reduce the rejection ratio effectively. Theoretical upper bounds of rejection ratios achieved by several VPN provisioning algorithms are also derived. The experiments verify that MTRA performs better in regards to the rejection ratio than other provisioning algorithms.  相似文献   
3.
Routing protocols can decide for data packets which route is reachable and co-optimal, and may cause data packets to swarm into certain links, thus causing congestion on those links. General traffic engineering (GTE) technology provides ER-LSP/CR-LSP in MPLS networks to avoid this kind of congestion. However, GTE takes only the current data flow into account and establishes an ER-LSP/CR-LSP for this current data flow in order to guarantee QoS. Although this could resolve the issue raised by routing protocols, it may also waste some resource. In this article we focus on optimization of traffic engineering and propose an automatic traffic balance algorithm based on GTE technology. Dengyin Zhang received the BS, MS, and PhD degrees from Nanjing University of Posts & Telecommunications, China, in 1986, 1989, and 2004, respectively. He is presently an associate professor at Nanjing University of Posts & Telecommunications. His research interests include computer networks, communication systems, signal and information processing. Zhiyun Tang received the MS degree in computer science and technology from Nanjing University of Posts & Telecommunications, China, in 2005. His research interests include MPLS technology, QoS control and resource management in wired and wireless networks. Ruchuan Wang born in 1943, he is a professor in College of Computer at Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications. He advises doctorial graduate students majoring in Computer Software, Computer Network, E-Commence and Network Security and Mobile Agents.  相似文献   
4.
When today’s commuters in the train or in a car want to access the Internet, they see themselves restricted to simple web surfing or e-mail. Interactive multimedia services, like online gaming or video conferencing are still unavailable to them, even with promising new technologies like UMTS or WiMAX. The impact of high bit rate multimedia traffic on the access network and aggregation network is an important topic, that has not been addressed in enough detail before. We designed a network architecture for offering these multimedia services to fast moving users. We refer to the overall network architecture as the FAMOUS network architecture, which consists of two parts: (i) an access network part which has to deal with large number of users, asking for a high bandwidth, while experiencing a high handoff frequency and (ii) an aggregation network part which has to deal with dynamic tunnels of very high bandwidth, while experiencing a low handoff frequency. In this paper, we detail the FAMOUS architecture, together with optimized handoff strategies, an optical switching architecture, a design methodology for dimensioning aggregations networks and automatic tunnel pre-configuration and activation. Moreover, performance results of these mentioned aspects will be presented.Filip De Greve was born in Gent, Belgium, in 1978. He received his Master of Science degree in Electrotechnical Engineering from Ghent University, Gent, Belgium in 2001. In 2002, he joined the Department of Information Technology of the Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Ghent as a doctoral researcher. Besides specific Ethernet-related research topics, his current research interests are related to broadband communication networks and include design, routing and reliability of access and aggregation networks.Bart Lannoo was born in Torhout, Belgium, in 1979. He received his Master of Science degree in Electrotechnical Engineering from Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium in 2002. Since August 2002, he has been working with Department of Information Technology (INTEC) of the Faculty of Applied Sciences, Ghent University as a doctoral researcher. His current research interests are in optical access networks, including both fixed access networks (FTTx) and optical access for wireless communication.Liesbeth Peters received the degree in Electrotechnical Engineering from Ghent University, Belgium in 2001. Since August 2001, she has been working as a doctoral researcher with the Department of Information Technology of Ghent University, where she joined the Broadband Communications Networks Group. Since October 2002, she works there as a research assistant of the Fund for Scientific Research – Flanders (F.W.O.-V., Belgium). Her current research interests are in broadband wireless communication and the support of IP mobility in wired cum wireless networks.Tom Van Leeuwen was born in Gent, Belgium, in 1979. He received his masters degree in Computer Engineering from the Ghent University, Gent, Belgium in 2002. Since 2002, he has been working with Department of Information Technology of Ghent University (INTEC) as a doctoral researcher. In 2004 he received a PhD grant from the Institute for the Promotion of Innovation through Science and Technology in Flanders (IWT-Vlaanderen). His current research interests are in broadband wireless communication.Frederic Van Quickenborne (M. Sc. Degree in Electrotechnical Engineering, University of Ghent, Belgium, 2002) published different papers on the growing importance of ethernet in aggregation and core networks. Besides his interest in ethernet related topics (QoS, VLANs, xSTP), he is also involved in projects concerning video-streaming and is working on a Click-based ethernet testbed. This research is funded by a PhD grant from the Institute for the Promotion of Innovation through Science and Technology in Flanders (IWT-Vlaanderen), that he obtained in 2004.Didier Colle received a M.Sc. degree in electrotechnical engineering (option: communications) from the Ghent University in 1997. Since then, he has been working at the same university as researcher in the department of Information Technology (INTEC). He is part of the research group INTEC Broadband Communication Networks (IBCN) headed by Prof.: Piet Demeester. His research lead to a Ph.D. degree in February 2002. From January 2003 on, he was granted a postdoctoral scholarship from the “Instituut voor de aanmoediging van Innovatie door Wetenschap en Technologie in Vlaanderen (IWT-Vlaanderen)”. His research deals with design and planning of communication networks. His work is focussing on optical transport networks, to support the next-generation Internet. Up till now, he has actively been involved in three IST projects (LION, OPTIMIST and DAVID) and in the COST266 action. His work has been published in more than 40 scientific publications in international conferences and journals.Filip de Turck received his M.Sc. degree in Electronic Engineering from the Ghent University, Belgium, in June 1997. In May 2002, he obtained the Ph.D. degree in Electronic Engineering from the same university. From October 1997 to September 2001, Filip De Turck was research assistant with the Fund for Scientific Research-Flanders, Belgium (F.W.O.-V.). At the moment, he is a part-time professor and a post-doctoral fellow of the F.W.O.-V., affiliated with the Department of Information Technology of the Ghent University. Filip De Turck is author or co-author of approximately 80 papers published in international journals or in the proceedings of international conferences. His main research interests include scalable software architectures for telecommunication network and service management, performance evaluation and optimization of routing, admission control and traffic management in telecommunication systems.Ingrid Moerman was born in Gent, Belgium, in 1965. She received the degree in Electro-technical Engineering and the Ph.D degree from the Ghent University, Gent, Belgium in 1987 and 1992, respectively. Since 1987, she has been with the Interuniversity Micro-Electronics Centre (IMEC) at the Department of Information Technology (INTEC) of the Ghent University, where she conducted research in the field of optoelectronics. In 1997, she became a permanent member of the Research Staff at IMEC. Since 2000 she is part-time professor at the Ghent University. Since 2001 she has switched her research domain to broadband communication networks. She is currently involved in the research and education on broadband mobile & wireless communication networks and on multimedia over IP. She is author or co-author of more than 300 publications in the field of optoelectronics and communication networks.Mario Pickavet received an M.Sc. and Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering, specialized in telecommunications, from Ghent University in 1996 and 1999, respectively. Since 2000, he is professor at Ghent University where he is teaching telecommunication networks and algorithm design. His current research interests are related to broadband communication networks (WDM, IP, (G-)MPLS, OPS, OBS) and include design, long-term planning and routing of core and access networks. In this context, he is currently involved a.o. in the European IST projects “All-Optical Label Swapping Employing Optical Logic Gates in Network Nodes” (LASAGNE) and “Optical Networks: Towards Bandwidth Manageability and Cost Efficiency” (e-Photon/ONe) and in several national research projects. He has published about a hundred international publications, both in journals (e.g. IEEE JSAC, IEEE Comm. Mag., JLT) and in proceedings of conferences. He is one of the authors of the book ‘Network Recovery: Protection and Restoration of Optical, SONET-SDH, IP, and MPLS’.Bart Dhoedt received a degree in Engineering from the Ghent University in 1990. In September 1990, he joined the Department of Information Technology of the Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Ghent. His research, addressing the use of micro-optics to realize parallel free space optical interconnects, resulted in a PhD degree in 1995. After a 2 year post-doc in opto-electronics, he became professor at the Faculty of Applied Sciences, Department of Information Technology. Since then, he is responsible for several courses on algorithms, programming and software development. His research interests are software engineering and mobile & wireless communications. Bart Dhoedt is author or co-author of approximately 70 papers published in international journals or in the proceedings of international conferences. His current research addresses software technologies for communication networks, peer-to-peer networks, mobile networks and active networks.Piet Demeester finished his PhD thesis at the Department of Information Technology (INTEC) at the Ghent University in 1988. At the same department he became group leader of the activities on Metal Organic Vapour Phase Epitaxial growth for optoelectronic components. In 1992 he started a new research group on Broadband Communication Networks. The research in this field resulted in already more than 300 publications. In this research domain he was and is a member of several programme committees of international conferences, such as: ICCCN, the International Conference on Telecommunication Systems, OFC, ICC, and ECOC. He was Chairman of DRCN’98. In 2001 he was chairman of the Technical Programme Committee ECOC’01. He was Guest Editor of three special issues of the IEEE Communications Magazine. He is also a member of the Editorial Board of the Journals “Optical Networks Magazine” and ldquo;Photonic Network Communications”. He was a member of several national and international PhD thesis commissions. Piet Demeester is a member of IEEE (Senior Member), ACM and KVIV. His current research interests include: multilayer networks, Quality of Service (QoS) in IP-networks, mobile networks, access networks, grid computing, distributed software, network and service management and applications (supported by FWO-Vlaanderen, the BOF of the Ghent University, the IWT and the European Commission). Piet Demeester is currently full-time professor at the Ghent University, where he is teaching courses in Communication Networks. He has also been teaching in different international courses.  相似文献   
5.
In grid computing, a key issue is how limited network resources can be shared by communications by various applications more effectively in order to improve application-level performance, e.g., by reducing the completion time for an individual application and/or set of applications. Communication by an application changes the condition of the network resources, which may, in turn, affect communications by other applications, and thus may degrade their performance. In this paper, we examine the characteristics of traffic generated by typical grid applications, and the effect of the round-trip time and bottleneck bandwidth on the application-level performance (i.e., completion time) of these applications. Our experiments showed that the impact of network conditions on the performance of various applications and the impact of application traffic on network conditions differed considerably depending on the application. These results suggest that effective allocation of network resources must take into account the network-related properties of individual applications.  相似文献   
6.
This paper reports an original module for effectively handling bandwidth resources in a multi-service MPLS network. This module, named bandwidth engineering, allows accommodating more traffic with respect to traditional IP networks, reducing the network blocking probability, while preserving Class of Service (CoS) requirements. It consists of an algorithm that handles priority between label switched paths associated to different classes of services, and of a dynamic routing algorithm that works with the bandwidth constraint. Simulation results are reported to assess the validity of the proposed solution.  相似文献   
7.
This paper reports on a novel strategy and related algorithm for realizing dynamic routing and grooming into wavelengths of data flows (label switched paths, LSPs) in new generation optical networks based on generalized MPLS (GMPLS). The method allows arbitrary granularities of LSPs. The new generation network is modeled as a multi-layer network consisting of an IP/MPLS layer and an optical layer. In particular, the proposed solution adopts a dynamic routing algorithm based on the Dijkstra algorithm, that makes use of a weight system, integrated with a suitable method for grooming LSPs into wavelengths based on the packing criterion, thus harmonizing the features of MPLS packet flows whose bandwidth vary in a continuous range of values, with the optical world, where the wavelength bandwidth ranges according to discrete values. The weight system is based on the concepts of least resistance routing that allows to evenly distribute the traffic at the MPLS layer, while packing improves the use of optical resources by favoring more filled wavelengths with respect to the emptier ones. To assess the validity of the proposed solution a simulation model has been realized. The results obtained by simulation show that the packing criterion allows reducing the refused bandwidth from two down to about four times, for a network load of 70% and 55%, respectively, when compared with the alternative method named spreading. The dependence of the proposed solution on bandwidth granularity has been also investigated. Moreover, in order to demonstrate the superior performance of the proposed routing solution, a comparison between the proposed strategy with relevant solutions known in the literature, based on either a single or multi-layer approach, is also reported. In order to perform the comparison, all the reference routing solutions that have been considered adopt the packing method for LSP grooming into the lightpaths. The results show that our solution outperforms the others in terms of amount of traffic that can be on-line accommodated. For instance, assuming a blocking probability of 10–3, the proposed solution is able to further reduce the refused bandwidth of the best routing algorithm considered in the analysis by a factor of three times, thanks to the knowledge of optical resource availability.  相似文献   
8.
In the context of Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS), we look at the problem of organizing the mapping of Label Switched Paths (LSPs) in an optimal way throughout the network on the basis of a given objective function. This problem is highly combinatorial and makes dynamic and real-time features a difficult issue for any LSP routing scheme. For this reason, we propose a computationally efficient, though approximate, on-line scheme adapted to an incremental optimization of the network state. We also propose an integration of a computationally efficient preemption mechanism into this approximation. The efficiency of this algorithm is obtained through a very rigid but seemingly appropriate policy concerning which LSPs are appropriate for preemption. A feedback from preemption on the routing process is proposed, in order to regulate the rate of the reroutings and to tune the balance between stability and continuous reorganization in a network.  相似文献   
9.
This paper shows a configuration scheme for networks with WFQ schedulers. It guarantees maximum revenue for the service provider in the worst case of network congestion. We focus on best effort traffic and select those flows that maximize the benefit while keeping the network utilization high. We show that optimum network configuration is feasible based only on knowledge of the topology. Its dependence on the pricing scheme can be reduced and even eliminated. We offer a formulation that reaches a tradeoff between network utilization, fairness, and user satisfaction.  相似文献   
10.
In this paper, we study regenerator placement and traffic engineering of restorable paths in generalized multiprotocol label switching (GMPLS) networks. Regenerators are necessary in optical networks in order to cope with transmission impairments. We study a network architecture where regenerators are placed only at selected nodes for decreasing cost of regeneration. We propose two heuristic algorithms for optimum placement of these regenerators. Performances of these algorithms in terms of required number of regenerators and computational complexity are evaluated. In this network architecture with sparse regeneration, off-line computation of working and restoration paths is studied for traffic engineering with path rerouting as the restoration scheme. We study two approaches for selecting working and restoration paths from a set of candidate paths and formulate each method as an integer linear programming (ILP) problem. A traffic uncertainty model is developed in order to compare these methods based on their robustness with respect to changing traffic patterns. Traffic engineering methods are compared based on number of additional demands resulting from traffic uncertainties that can be carried over the network. Proposed heuristic regenerator placement algorithms are also evaluated from a traffic engineering point of view.  相似文献   
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