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排序方式: 共有795条查询结果,搜索用时 31 毫秒
1.
安装预紧量对金属橡胶构件干摩擦阻尼的影响   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
为了研究安装预紧量对金属橡胶构件的干摩擦阻尼性能及寿命的影响,分别对预紧量为Q=1.11mm和Q=2.2mm的金属橡胶隔振器进行了静态及振动实验研究.结果表明:改变金属橡胶隔振器的预紧量,其承载能力及能量耗散性能均将发生变化,具有较小预紧量(Q=1.1 mm)的金属橡胶隔振器的承载能力及耗散振动能量的能力优于具有较大预紧量(Q=2.2 mm)的金属橡胶隔振器的相应指标,且使用寿命比较长.实验证明,适当控制金属橡胶构件的预紧量,可以实现对金属橡胶隔振器的干摩擦阻尼性能的有效控制.  相似文献   
2.
排水固结加固高速公路深厚软基工后沉降   总被引:11,自引:0,他引:11  
结合广珠东线高速公路深厚软基堆载预压和真空联合堆载预压两现场试验段,应用固结、流变和损伤理论对路基工后沉降规律进行有限元分析。结果表明,下卧层的主固结压缩和整个路基的次固结压缩是高速公路路基工后沉降的主要组成,进行地基处理时必须控制工后沉降。  相似文献   
3.
大面积堆载作用下软土地基变形特性   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3       下载免费PDF全文
通过在大面积堆载场地设置监测仪器,进行历时 3 a 的现场监测,对大面积堆载作用下软土地基的变形特性和加载条件、地层条件、排水条件、时间效应等的相关性进行分析研究,揭示了大面积堆载作用下软土地基变形特性不同于常规荷载作用下软土地基变形特性的规律,总结了在不同边界条件下软土地基变形和固结沉降的规律,为软土地基的固结沉降分析计算提供依据。  相似文献   
4.
大型油罐地基变形特性分析   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
采用振冲碎石桩法和充水预压法对某软土地区5×104m3油罐地基进行处理。基于沉降观测数据,分析了充水预压阶段油罐地基的沉降规律,并探讨了地基固结程度。根据使用三年后的罐基变形监测结果,分析了油罐地基的平面倾斜、非平面倾斜及罐基拱度特性。总结了该地基不均匀变形超过允许值的原因,并提出了相应的地基加固处理措施。  相似文献   
5.
A field reverse osmosis system was used to isolate dissolved organic matter (DOM) from two lacustrine and two riverine surface water sources. The rejection of DOM was on the order of 99% and did not vary significantly with pressure. A simple mass balance model using a single measured value of rejection predicted the concentration within the closed-loop isolation system. The effect of operating pressure and solution flux on mass recovery of DOM was evaluated in laboratory and field trials. Under controlled laboratory conditions, >99% of a lacustrine DOM could be accounted for. A fraction of the isolated DOM was not recoverable using hydrodynamic cleaning; however, this fraction was recovered by using a pH 10 NaOH wash solution. The mass recovered in the NaOH solution increased from <1% to >6% with increasing transmembrane pressures from 414 kPa (60 psi) to1000 kPa (145 psi), respectively. This is consistent with fouling that results from an increase in solution flux, and a decrease in tangential crossflow velocity. Under field conditions, mass balances were generally >95% and mass recovery was >90% in all cases. The effects of temperature on solution flux were consistent with changes in fluid viscosity; effects of temperature on membrane diffusivity or morphological properties were small. RO isolation under low pressure conditions designed to maximize DOM recovery had little effect on DOM reactivity evaluated in terms of nanofiltration membrane fouling, XAD-8 resin adsorption, activated carbon adsorption, competition with trichloroethylene for adsorption sites on activated carbon, and molecular weight distribution measured using size exclusion chromatography.  相似文献   
6.
Batch adsorption experiments using powdered activated carbon (PAC) to remove trace synthetic organic chemicals (SOCs) from water containing natural organic matter (NOM) were conducted. The percentage of SOC removed at any contact time and at any PAC dose was observed to be independent of the initial SOC concentration. Equations derived from the ideal adsorbed solution theory and the pore surface diffusion model validated this observation. For the strongly adsorbing SOCs (simazine and simetryn), the percentage of SOC removed was independent only at low initial SOC concentrations. The NOM fraction competing with the weakly adsorbing SOC (asulam) constituted a larger percentage of the total NOM than that competing with the strongly adsorbing SOCs. Although the adsorptive capacities of the SOCs were greatly reduced in water containing NOM compared with those in pure water, the change in the pore diffusion coefficient was insignificant. Therefore, NOM competed with the SOCs for adsorption sites, reducing the adsorptive capacity, but the amount of NOM loading was not so severe that it blocked or filled the pores, hindering the internal diffusion of the SOCs.  相似文献   
7.
In this paper, the objective is to enrich the existing 1D and 2D mass-spring models with physical accuracy as well as visual realism. It is found that using nonzero preloads on the springs is a necessary condition for the models to approximate their continuum counterparts. First, the parameters of the 1D mass-spring model of a beam are derived based on pure bending and axial action. It is proved that the mass-spring model with this set of parameter has correct characteristics of resistance against lateral displacement, which is one of the most important aspects of the accuracy of the 1D mass-spring model. Then, the method is extended to the 2D mass-spring models of the continuum plate with two different mesh structures. The mass-spring model with equilateral triangle meshes is shown to be physically more accurate than that with rectangular meshes. Finally, the physical accuracy that the mass-spring models with preload can achieve is investigated under different load conditions by comparison with the finite element method (FEM) to demonstrate the efficacy of our approach.  相似文献   
8.
Surface quality is a major factor affecting the performance of a component. The machined surface quality is strongly influenced by the external loads during the fixturing and machining processes. In machining process development, it is highly desirable to predict the quality of a machined surface. For this purpose, an integrated finite element analysis (FEA) model of the entire fixture–workpiece system is developed to investigate the influence of clamping preload and machining force on the surface quality of the machined workpiece. The effects of fixture and machine table compliance (from experimental data), and the workpiece and its locators/clamps contact interaction, and forced vibration, on the machined surface quality are taken into account. This simulation model provides a better understanding of the causes of surface error and a more realistic prediction of the machined surface quality. The deck face of a V-type engine block subjected to fixture clamping and a face milling operation is given as an example. A comparison between the simulation result and experimental data shows a reasonable agreement.  相似文献   
9.
真空渗流场的形成机理探讨   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
软基在“真空预压”法处理过程中的固结,不是因其所谓的“真空荷载”进行“预压”所致,而是因“真空渗流场”的形成并在其作用下产生“渗透固结”所致。全文详细探讨了“真空渗流场”的形成机理,包括该场中孔隙水运动的物理模型和土体固结的物理模型。在对土体固结模型探讨的过程中,首次将“有效应力”的概念扩展成“竖直向”有效应力和“水平向”有效应力两种,并在此基础上提出了“双弹簧固结模型”。从有效应力发展过程的角度探讨“真空渗流场”的形成过程时,发现该模型能较好地符合“真空预压”对软基的作用实质。  相似文献   
10.
刘和文 《安徽建筑》2007,14(5):74-76
文章结合某工程的软基处理的实践,研究了真空-覆水联合预压法加固机理和效果,并与真空预压法和堆载预压法进行了比较。通过现场研究表明,该加固方法在提高超软大面积地基承载力方面效果显著。  相似文献   
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