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1.
In this paper we focus on two complementary approaches to significantly decrease pre-training time of a deep belief network (DBN). First, we propose an adaptive step size technique to enhance the convergence of the contrastive divergence (CD) algorithm, thereby reducing the number of epochs to train the restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM) that supports the DBN infrastructure. Second, we present a highly scalable graphics processing unit (GPU) parallel implementation of the CD-k algorithm, which boosts notably the training speed. Additionally, extensive experiments are conducted on the MNIST and the HHreco databases. The results suggest that the maximum useful depth of a DBN is related to the number and quality of the training samples. Moreover, it was found that the lower-level layer plays a fundamental role for building successful DBN models. Furthermore, the results contradict the pre-conceived idea that all the layers should be pre-trained. Finally, it is shown that by incorporating multiple back-propagation (MBP) layers, the DBNs generalization capability is remarkably improved.  相似文献   
2.
This paper presents an unsupervised deep learning framework that derives spatio-temporal features for human–robot interaction. The respective models extract high-level features from low-level ones through a hierarchical network, viz. the Hierarchical Temporal Memory (HTM), providing at the same time a solution to the curse of dimensionality in shallow techniques. The presented work incorporates the tensor-based framework within the operation of the nodes and, thus, enhances the feature derivation procedure. This is due to the fact that tensors allow the preservation of the initial data format and their respective correlation and, moreover, attain more compact representations. The computational nodes form spatial and temporal groups by exploiting the multilinear algebra and subsequently express the samples according to those groups in terms of proximity. This generic framework may be applied in a diverse of visual data, while it has been examined on sequences of color and depth images, exhibiting remarkable performance.  相似文献   
3.
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is a kind of computer software that allows people to work with digital maps in a fast and flexible way. In the past decade, more and more geography teachers have become interested in the possibilities of using GIS in secondary education. However, teaching with GIS is complex, and little is known about how to do so in an optimal way. Therefore, an Educational Design Research study (EDR) was conducted with the aim to explore the characteristics of an optimal design for GIS-supported geographic inquiry projects. In this EDR study, a project was developed via progressive cycles of designing, testing, and evaluating, together with teachers from different schools. This paper summarizes the outcomes of the EDR study, and presents some design principles for GIS-supported inquiry-based geography education. Teachers could use these design principles to design and conduct GIS-supported geographic inquiry projects, and in such a way raise their geography lessons to a higher level.This paper also shows that although GIS provides many opportunities for enhancing inquiry-based geography projects, it also holds many conditions for its use to be optimal. GIS-supported inquiry-based geography education requires more than providing appropriate software, tasks, and coaching to ensure that students do not get stuck. In order to effectively raise students’ geographic thinking to a higher level, the project should offer a considerable amount of guidance: it should include several preparatory and evaluative tasks based on a good domain-specific theory for use in educational settings. In addition, teachers should coach students in structuring, correcting, and expanding their geographic thinking via dialogical teaching.  相似文献   
4.
精确测量木材含水率一直是木材干燥控制系统研究的热点和难点,含水率测量的准确性会直接影响到木材干燥质量的好坏和干燥成本的高低。为提高木材含水率检测的准确性,采用深度学习方法,建立了一种以深度信念网络为核心的木材含水率检测系统辨识模型。将该模型应用在深度学习预测控制算法中,根据实际测量得到的木材干燥窑的温湿度值及木材电阻率,实现对应木材含水率的预测输出。仿真结果表明,预测值与实际值之间的均方根误差小,预测精度高,说明了将深度学习算法应用于木材含水率预测模型中的有效性。  相似文献   
5.
在光照变化条件下,人脸识别的正确率急剧下降,为了解决该难题,提出了一种离散余弦变换和主成分分析相融合的光照变化条件人脸识别方法.首先对人脸图像进行分块,并采用离散余弦变换对每一个子块提取DCT系数,然后采用主成分分析提取人脸特征,并采用深度学习算法建立人脸识别的分类器,最后采用ORL和Yale B人脸库进行仿真实验,测试其有效性和优越性.实验结果表明,相比其它光照人脸识别方法,本文方法提高了光照人脸图像的识别率,消除了光照变化的不利影响,具有较强的鲁棒性.  相似文献   
6.
为解决基于外观模型和传统机器学习目标跟踪易出现目标漂移甚至跟踪失败的问题,该文提出以跟踪-学习-检测(TLD)算法为框架,基于增强群跟踪器(FoT)和深度学习的目标跟踪算法。FoT实现目标的预测与跟踪,增添基于时空上下文级联预测器提高预测局部跟踪器的成功率,快速随机采样一致性算法评估全局运动模型,提高目标跟踪的精确度。深度去噪自编码器和支持向量机分类器构建深度检测器,结合全局多尺度扫描窗口搜索策略检测可能的目标。加权P-N学习对样本加权处理,提高分类器的分类精确度。与其它跟踪算法相比较,在复杂环境下,不同图片序列实验结果表明,该算法在遮挡、相似背景等条件下具有更高的准确度和鲁棒性。  相似文献   
7.
隐藏主题变量图模型是一种用节点表示潜在主题或者潜在主题变化的概率图模型.针对当前隐藏主题变量图模型只能提取单层主题节点的缺陷,提出一种基于深度学习框架的提取多层主题节点的概率图模型.该模型在隐藏主题变量图模型的底层增加预处理结构层,即引入自组织映射层,可以有效地提取不同层次的主题状态.另外,隐藏主题变量图模型使用了隐马尔可夫网络和条件随机场的相结合的模型.针对条件随机场,提出了一阶逻辑子句定义的特征函数.弥补了长距离依存特性的缺失.在此基础上提出了一种分层次提取主题状态的新深度学习算法.在国际通用的亚马逊情感分析数据、Tripadvisor情感分析数据上的实验表明,新算法可以提升情感分析的准确率.同时实验结果也表明,提取多层主题状态可以更好地挖掘宏观主题分布信息和评论的局部主题信息.  相似文献   
8.
针对常规场景识别方法在室内环境中性能显著下降的问题,提出一种融合全局及显著性区域特征的移动机器人室内场景识别方法.利用改进的BoW(bag-of-words)模型进行室内场景判别的同时,结合视觉注意方法提取出场景图像的最大及次大显著区域,送入改进的BDBN(bilinear deep belief network)模型来自动学习图像特征,进行类别判断.利用分段判别策略对于两个模型的结果进行融合,并输出最终场景判别结果.将本方法应用于实际机器人平台及包含67个类别的MIT室内场景数据库,实验结果表明,相较于常规BoW模型,本方法可以有效提高识别准确率10%以上.此外,本方法在MIT数据库中达到平均44.3%的准确率,优于相关文献算法.  相似文献   
9.
针对模糊C-均值聚类算法对孤立点、随机初始化的聚类中心比较敏感的问题,将堆叠稀疏自编码与传统模糊C-均值聚类算法相结合,对传统模糊C-均值聚类算法进行了改进。由于堆叠稀疏自编码可以提取原始数据集从低层到高层的特征,而高层的特征通常比原始数据集更能反映待聚类样本的本质特征,用其代替原始数据集进行聚类,有助于提高聚类的效果。利用改进后的算法在UCI的几个标准数据集上进行实验,结果表明改进后的算法是有效可行的。  相似文献   
10.
为快速检测图片文字中的敏感词汇,引入深度学习的方法进行文字检测和识别。对图片预处理,对连通区域进行标记;利用两层限制玻尔兹曼机(RBM)对连通区域进行文字区域的判别和选取;利用水平投影和区域生长的方法对得到的文字区域进行字符的分割;用BP神经网络算法和深信度网络(DBN)算法结合对敏感信息进行检测。敏感文字检测理论分析和实验数据表明该方法的算法复杂度低,检测速度快。  相似文献   
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